Nelson Mandela dies at 95
At right, an other student holds a picture of Mandela. (Photo credit should read GIDEON MENDEL/AFP/Getty Images) Nelson Mandela 1918-2013 Winnie Mandela (C), leaves the Palace of Justice in Pretoria 16 June 1964 with her fist clenched, after the verdict of the Rivonia Trial was given, sentencing eight men, including her husband anti-apartheid leader and member of the African National Congress (ANC) Nelson Mandela, to life imprisonment. The men were charged with conspiracy, sabotage and treason.
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Nelson Mandela dead at 95: South Africa begins three day state viewing period as Mandela’s coffin travels through country
“I do not deny that I planned sabotage,” he told the court. “I did not plan it in a spirit of recklessness, nor because I have any love of violence. I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after years of tyranny, exploitation and oppression of my people by whites.” The ANC’s armed wing was later involved in a series of high-profile bombings that killed civilians, and many in the white minority viewed the imprisoned Mandela as a terrorist. Up until 2008, when President George W. Bush rescinded the order, he could not visit the U.S. without a waiver from the secretary of state certifying he was not a terrorist. From the late 1960s South Africa gradually became an international pariah, expelled from the U.N., banned from the Olympics. In 1973 Mandela refused a government offer of release on condition he agree to confine himself to his native Transkei. In 1982 he and other top ANC inmates were moved off Robben Island to a mainland prison. Three years later Mandela was again offered freedom, and again he refused unless segregation laws were scrapped and the government negotiated with the ANC. In 1989, F.W. de Klerk became president.
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Christopher Furlong/Getty Images Mandela’s funeral cortege makes its way along Madiba St. towards Union Buildings where the anti-apartheid hero will lay in state for three days. More than 60 heads of state have travelled to South Africa to attend a week of events commemorating the life of the anti-apartheid hero. Leaders like Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe, South African President Jacob Zuma and others passed by the casket in two lines. Four junior naval officers in white uniforms kept watch. POOL/REUTERS Musician Bono walks between his wife Ali Hewson (left) and Zelda La Grange (right), former assistant of former South African President Nelson Mandela, after viewing his coffin as he lies in state at the Union Buildings in Pretoria on Wednesday Celebrities like singer Bono of the band U2 also paid their respects. So did F.W. de Klerk, the last president of white rule who shared a Nobel Peace Prize with Mandela for ending the apartheid era. RELATED: HAMILL: THE WORLD FLOCKS TO THANK MANDELA FOR A BETTER SOUTH AFRICA POOL/REUTERS Graca Machel, the widow of former South African President Nelson Mandela