Nelson Mandela Dead: Icon Of Anti-apartheid Movement Dies At 95

Mandela is the new Africa

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He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his leadership in ending apartheid without violence, and later became a global statesman who inspired millions people around the world. Mandela was born in 1918, the son of a tribal leader, in a remote village in South Africa. His tribal name, Rolihlahla, meant “troublemaker,” a moniker Mandela would more than live up to in his lifetime. In 1952, he emerged onto the national stage when he helped organize the first country-wide protests called the Defiance Campaign. That same year he opened the country’s first black law firm. Ruth Mopati, his secretary at the firm, wrote about the way he was then in the book “Mandela,” saying, “He was able to relate to people with respect and therefore he was respected in return.” While Mandela’s party, the African National Congress, had always been dedicated to non-violence, in 1960 the ANC was banned to prevent further protests after police shot dead 69 black protestors in what became known as the Sharpeville massacre. The events radicalized the organization and led to the creation of the ANC military wing, for which Mandela became its first commander in 1961. In 1962, Mandela was sent to prison on a charge of inciting a strike. “At 1:30 in the morning, on March 30, I was awakened by sharp, unfriendly knocks at my door, the unmistakable signature of the police. ‘The time has come,’ I said to myself as I opened the door to find half a dozen armed security policemen,” Mandela said. Two years later, Mandela was sentenced to life in prison for sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the white government. Much of the next 27 years in prison were spent in the infamous Robben Island prison where he did hard labor in a lime quarry.
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<img src='http://a.abcnews.com/images/International/OBIT_NelsonMandela_1918_2013_131205_16x9_992.jpg&#039; width='200px' alt='PHOTO: Nelson Mandela 1918-2013′ style=’float:left;padding:5px’ />

It is thought that Mandela’s body will lie in state in Pretoria for three days ahead of that. Mac Arthur Mti wears badges for sale with the image of Nelson Mandela in Soweto, Johannesburg. Bernat Armangue, AP Lasers beam an image of former South African president Nelson Mandela, projected onto Cape Town’s Table Mountain to honour Mandela on the eve of a memorial service to be held in Johannesburg. Nardus Engelbrecht, AP Well-wishers write messages of tribute to Nelson Mandela outside his former home on Viliakazi Street, Soweto Township in Soweto. Oli Scarff, Getty Images Fullscreen People gather around tributes and flowers laid at the base of a statue of former South African president Nelson Mandela in Parliament Square in central London. All three living former British premiers are to join current Prime Minister David Cameron at a massive memorial service for Mandela. Ben Stansall, AFP/Getty Images A young South African girl is lifted by her mother to kiss a statue of former South African president Nelson Mandela before a service conducted by Archbishop Desmond Tutu at the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Johannesburg. Christopher Furlong, Getty Images Archbishop Desmond Tutu addresses a crowd during a remembrance ceremony for Nelson Mandela held at the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Houghton, in Johannesburg. Ian Langsdon, epa Vice President Biden visits a memorial to former South African president Nelson Mandela with South African Ambassador Ebrahim Rasool, right, outside the South African Embassy in Washington. Win McNamee, Getty Images A young boy stands under a South African flag at half staff in front of the Union Buildings in Pretoria, South Africa. Final preparations are being made ahead of a week-long memorial service and funeral for Nelson Mandela. Dan Kitwood, Getty Images Mpumie Sangweni, a resident of the impoverished township of Alexandra in Johannesburg, says it is “the worst place.” Nelson Mandela lived in Alexandra when he first moved to Johannesburg in 1940. H.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2013/12/05/nelson-mandelas-death-prompts-outpouring-of-grief/3882783/

World grieves Nelson Mandela’s death

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The reason why, in that square in front of Cape Town City Council, I could not have thought so, was not because I doubted one inch how special and unique Mandela was, rather, it was because I doubted an African could be recognised the world over. After all, he had spent 27 years in prison and did not create during that period, the commotion that followed. While in prison, mainstream media should have crowned him Personality of the Year many times over, but that never happened. While the Mandela that was liberated remained the same man at his core, he had surprises to reveal that nobody could have imagined. Mandela had time to prepare for what he believed was inevitable: the end of the most outrageous institution of the century; and the official coexistence of a regime proclaiming racial separation with an international community that had approved a Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This paradox was only one of many that created a platform for Nelson Mandela

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